The IS-LM model basically, is made up of two components: IS & LM curves. The IS curve represents a “[negative] relationship between the interest rate and the level of income that arises in the market for goods and services.” (Mankiw, 2010) IS stands for investment and saving. IS curve represents the market for goods and … Continue reading IS-LM Model – Theories of Short-Run Fluctuations
The Keynesian Cross is “[a] simple model of income determination, based on the ideas in Keynes’s General Theory, which shows how changes in spending can have a multiplied effect on aggregate income.” (Mankiw, 2010) Well, it might be a nice simple model with neatly placed lines, however, this only measures a closed economy and wrongly … Continue reading Keynesian Cross – Theories of Short-Run Fluctuations
The view, which boosts spending on new factories that can hire additional workers, assumes unemployment is the main issue and uses short-run economic stimulus to counter for the lack in private savings. Why not boost employments further, and take the advice of John Maynard Keynes and Paul Krugman and employ as many people in the … Continue reading Central Banks Interest For Resolving Unemployment
Politicians say unemployment is due to the lack of economic stimulus spending. Now in the short-run the statistics can prove that this is the case, as people and businesses can afford to boost their spending and hire additional workers to fill their newly built factories, then yes it does reduce unemployment. However, the real case … Continue reading $pending > $aving = Unemployment
This article is a summary of the views expressed by Robert Higgs in his article Recession and Recovery: Six Fundamental Errors of the Current Orthodoxy. And how the article compares to the approach taken by Gregory Mankiw in his well known textbooks along with Keynes theories as their arguments can contradict themselves for the following … Continue reading Recession & Recovery – Robert Higgs
Having faith in the Keynesian belief intends that government spending helps provide economic stimulus for the economy, in doing so this view can contradict itself when governments revenue exceeds government spending, causing malinvestment if anything. (Higgs, 2009) Additionally, it follows as the government is the largest net borrower then governments themselves are the ones who … Continue reading Money Pumping – What Malinvestments?
A rap battle between two prominent economists of the Great Depression era, John Maynard Keynes and Friedrich August Hayek. Hayek unlike Keynes did not believe it was possible to spend your way out of an economic crash. Keynes on the other hand recommends spending. The economy boom and bust cycle is in these videos described … Continue reading Fear The Boom And Bust – Fight Of The Century