Currency Devaluation: Exports > Imports

Currency devaluation means a reduced value of currency with respect to foreign currencies and its reduced purchasing power to foreign goods, which result from monetary policy. In a small open economy, as such the assumptions of the Mundell-Fleming model, currency devaluation can result from expansionary monetary policy, referring to the lower exchange rate instead of … Continue reading Currency Devaluation: Exports > Imports

Inflation

The inflation rate is a measure of the increase in asset prices, measuring the percentage change in the average price level from the previous year. Where a positive inflation rate means rising prices, a negative inflation rate means falling prices, and a declining positive inflation rate means rising prices at a slow rate. Inflation can be … Continue reading Inflation

Monetary Policy and the Reserve Bank of Australia

  The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) was created by the Reserve Bank Act 1959 as “Australia’s central bank, which is responsible for managing the Commonwealth’s monetary policy, ensuring financial stability, and printing and distributing currency.” (Reserve Bank of Australia, 2011) This article in explaining the premise of the RBA and monetary policy will consider … Continue reading Monetary Policy and the Reserve Bank of Australia